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Natural disaster - earthquake, flooding, tsunami, mudslides, cyclones, volcanic eruptions

Hazard Description and Personal Vulnerabilities
  • Continuous threat of natural disaster e.g. active volcano.
  • After effects following occurrence of a natural disaster e.g. impact on local infrastructure and inaccessibility of many places.
  • Lack of adequate emergency preparedness, medical facilities and emergency equipment could increase the impact that a natural disaster may have.
  • Embassies may only be able to offer limited or no assistance in a crisis due to inaccessibility.
  • Travel networks may be unusable.
  • Different times of year may increase the likelihood of threat occurring.
  • There may be exclusion zones – use the FCO site to check and make note of these.
  • Landslides/mudslides, which can occur in mountainous regions during heavy rains.
  • At certain times of year heavy snowfall may lead to avalanches in mountainous regions.
Control Measures (actions to reduce risk level)
  • Identify safe places near where you are staying and working.
  • When looking for a place to live, check if the building is earthquake resistant (if applicable).
  • Take care when travelling.
  • Outline how you will monitor local reporting.
  • Familiarise yourself with and describe local safety procedures in the event of a natural disaster (listing emergency service numbers and centres you will use).
  • List any dos and don'ts.
  • Keep a stock of food and bottled water.
  • Make sure your phone is charged.
  • Be prepared for any accompanying hazards e.g. mudflows, flash floods.
  • Be aware that the occurrence of natural disasters may result in airport closures.
  • After any natural disaster occurring, stay away from danger zones (e.g. ashfall areas), avoid travel and stay indoors until local health officials advise that it is safe to go outside.